SourcesFeminism may be understood both as a movement for social justice, and as a cross-disciplinary field within theory, focused on gendered-related forms of power and subordination. Since the 1990s, different strands of feminist thought have greatly contributed to the hybridization of knowledges, in contradistinction to the traditional configurations of patriarchal, male-dominated, hetero-normative thought, which privilege universality, rationality and abstraction over against corporeality (Rosi Braidotti). The dimension of ethical commitment to social transformation inspiring feminism is clearly manifested in the realm of education, an area which allows for inclusionary approaches and connects cultural practices to social life. Feminist pedagogies stress inter-relationality and processuality, seeking to develop creativity through cooperation and the sharing of experience, information, skills and affect.
Genealogies of practice
- La lotta non è finita ("La lucha no ha terminado" / "The struggle isn’t over yet") (Italia) Collettivo Femminista di Cinema, 1971
A documentary on the Italian feminist movement’s struggle, and its internal debates and reflections on issues such as sexuality, abortion, violence and work. The film shows ironical situations and moments of confrontation, interspersed with footage of the events on March 8th, 1972, and March 8th, 1973.
- Red Skirts On Clydeside (UK / Reino Unido) Sheffield Film Co-op, 1983
Red Skirts on Clydeside charts Glasgow rent strike, organised through the Women's Housing Association during the First World War. With many men fighting at the front, the women left behind were seen as vulnerable by landlords, and massive rent increases became the norm. The women organised an effective opposition and the strikes soon spread and became such an overwhelming success, that the government introduced legislation to restrict rents to the pre-war level. The film reasserts the spirit that led to that victory, examines the conflict, and offers a reappraisal of women’s historical achievements.
- Born in Flames (EUA) Lizzie Borden, 1983
A 1983 documentary-style feminist science fiction film by Lizzie Borden that explores racism, classism, sexism and hetero-sexism in an alternative United States socialist democracy. Regarded as a landmark of independent feminist cinema, Born in Flames critically examines the categories of gender, class and ethnicity as depicted in the media.